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Peking University

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Peking University

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Introduction to Peking University

Founded in 1898, Peking University (website) was the first national comprehensive university in China and was the highest educational administration in China at that time. After the Revolution of 1911, it was renamed in 1912.

As the center of the new cultural movement and the source of the “May 4th” Movement, as the earliest dissemination of Marxism and democratic scientific thoughts in China, as the earliest activity base of the Communist Party of China, Peking University is the rejuvenation and liberation of the nation, the construction and development of the country. Social civilization and progress have made irreplaceable contributions and played an important pioneering role in the process of China’s modernization. The traditional spirit of patriotism, progress, democracy, and science and the diligence, rigor, truth-seeking, and innovative style of study are endless here and passed down from generation to generation.

In 1917, the famous educator Cai Yuanpei became the president of Beijing University. He “according to the principle of freedom of thought and taking compatibility and subcontracting”, carried out fruitful reforms on Peking University and promoted ideological emancipation and academic prosperity. Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong, and a group of outstanding talents such as Lu Xun and Hu Shi have served or taught at Peking University.

After the Lugouqiao Incident in 1937, Peking University and Tsinghua University and Nankai University moved to Changsha to form the Changsha Temporary University. Soon, the temporary university moved to Kunming and renamed the National Southwest Associated University. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Peking University resumed school in Peking in October 1946.

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the national colleges and universities in 1952 to adjust the faculty, Peking University became a comprehensive university based on the basic teaching and research of arts and sciences, and trained a large number of talents for the country. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 400 alumni and faculty members of Peking University. There are quite a lot of influential people in the Chinese humanities and social sciences community from Peking University.

Since the reform and opening up, Peking University has entered a new era of unprecedented development and construction, and has become one of the two universities under the national “211 Project”.

On April 3, 2000, Peking University merged with the former Beijing Medical University to form a new Peking University. The predecessor of Beijing Medical University was the National Beijing Medical College, which was founded on October 26, 1912. In the 1930s and 1940s, the school was named Beiping University Medical College and was incorporated into Peking University in July 1946. In 1952, in the adjustment of colleges and universities across the country, Peking University School of Medicine was separated from Peking University and was independent of Beijing Medical College. In 1985, it was renamed as Beijing Medical University. In 1996, it became the first medical university supported by the “211 Project”. The merger of the two universities has further broadened the disciplinary structure of Peking University, laying the foundation for the promotion of medical and humanities and social sciences and science, and reforming medical education.

In recent years, with the support of the “211 Project” and the “985 Project”, Peking University has entered a new stage of historical development, and has made remarkable achievements in discipline construction, personnel training, teaching staff construction, teaching and research, etc. It laid a solid foundation for building Peking University into a world-class university. Today, Peking University has become the country’s cradle for cultivating high-quality and creative talents, the frontier of scientific research and an important base for knowledge innovation and an important bridge and window for international exchanges.


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